1. Home
  2. Help
  3. Acronyms

Acronyms

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W

A

AEÅngström Exponent
AERONETAerosol Robotic Network
AIRSAtmospheric Infrared Sounder
AMSAutonomous Modular Sensor
AMSRAdvanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
AMSUAdvanced Microwave Sounding Unit
AODAerosol Optical Depth
AOTAerosol Optical Thickness
APIApplication Programming Interface
APSPAerosol Particle Size Parameter
ARMAtmospheric Radiation Measurement
ARPApplication Related Product
ASDCAtmospheric Science Data Center (Langley, Virginia)
ASTERAdvanced Space-borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
ATAlong-Track
ATBDAlgorithm Theoretical Basis Document
AVHRRAdvanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
AWSAmazon Web Services

B

BABurned Area
BBBlackbody
BPLUTBiome Properties Look-Up Table
BPSABright Pixel Surface Albedo
BRDFBidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function
BSRNBaseline Surface Radiation Network

C

C5Collection-5
C6Collection-6
CALIOPCloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization
CARCloud Absorption Radiometer
CCDCharge-Coupled Device
CCSDSConsultative Committee for Space Data System
CDDISCrustal Dynamics Data Information System
CDFCBCommon Data Format Control Book
CDIClimate Data Initiative
CDRClimate Data Record
CEOSCommittee on Earth Observation Satellites
CERESClouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System
CFPACold Focal Plane Assembly
CIRESCooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
CKBCalibration Knowledge Base
CLASSComprehensive Large Array-Data Stewardship System
CMGClimate Modeling Grid
CMR Common Metadata Repository
CONUSConterminous United States
COVECEOS Visualization Environment
CTCross-Track
CrISCross-track Infrared Sounder

D

DAACDistributed Active Archive Center
DBDirect Broadcast
DDRDiagnostic Data Record
DEMDigital Elevation Model
DMSPDefense Meteorological Satellite Program
DNDigital Number
DNBDay/Night Band
DOIDigital Object Identifier
DTEDDigital Terrain Elevation Data

E

EASEEqual-Area Scalable Earth
ECCEarthdata Code Collaborative
ECMWFEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
ECVEssential Climate Variable
EDOSEOS Data and Operations System
EDREnvironmental Data Record
EDWIEarthdata Web Infrastructure
EOSEarth Observing System
EOSDISEarth Observing System Data Information System
EPTOMSEarth Probe Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer
EROSEarth Resources Observation and Science
ESAEuropean Space Agency
ESDISEarth Science Data and Information System
ESDREarth Science Data Record
ESDSWGEarth Science Data Systems Working Group
ESDTEarth Science Data Type
ESIPEarth Science Information Partners
ETM+Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus
EUMETSATEuropean Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
EVEarth View
EVIEnhanced Vegetation Index

F

FAPARFraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation
FDFFlight Dynamics Facility
FIRMSFire Information for Resource Management System
FOVField of View
FPAFocal Plane Assembly
fPARFraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation
FRPFire Radiative Power
FSCFractional Snow Cover
FTPFile Transfer Protocol

G

GBADGround-Based Attitude Determination
GCISGlobal Change Information System
GCMDGlobal Change Master Directory
GDALGeospatial Data Abstraction Library
GDASGlobal Data Assimilation System
GEOSSGlobal Earth Observation System of Systems
GES-DISCGoddard Earth Science-Data and Information Services Center (Greenbelt, Maryland)
GFSGlobal Forecast System
GHRCGlobal Hydrology Resource Center (Huntsville, Alabama)
GIBSGlobal Imagery Browse Services
GiovanniGES-DISC Interactive Online Visualization and Analysis Infrastructure
GISGeographic Information System
GMAOGlobal Modeling and Assimilation Office
GNSSGlobal Navigation Satellite System
GOCARTGoddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport Model
GOESGeostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
GP-MCEGeneral Purpose – Managed Cloud Environment
GPPGross Primary Productivity
GPSGlobal Positioning System
GRAVITEGovernment Resource for Algorithm Verification, Independent Testing and Evaluation
GSFCGoddard Space Flight Center
GTMGround Track Mercator
GUIGraphical User Interface
GeoTIFFGeoreferenced Tagged Image File Format

H

HAMHalf-Angle Mirror
HDFHierarchical Data Format
HEGHDF-EOS to GeoTIFF Conversion Tool
HEWHDF-EOS WEB-based subsetter
HTTPHypertext Transfer Protocol

I

ICAPInternational Cooperative for Aerosol Prediction
IDPSInterface Data Processing Segment
IGBPInternational Geosphere Biosphere Programme
IPIntermediate Product
IPIntermediate Product
IPCCIntergovermental Panel on Climate Change
IQAInformation Quality Act
IRInfrared
ISOInternational Standards Organization
ISTIce Surface Temperature

J

JPLJet Propulsion Laboratory
JPSSJoint Polar Satellite System

L

L2GLevel-2 Gridded
LAADSLevel-1 and Atmosphere Archive & Distribution System
LaRCLangley Research Center
LAILeaf area index
LANCELand, Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS
LARSELaboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing in Ecology
LDOPELand Data Operational Product Evaluation
LEDAPSLandsat Ecosystem Disturbance Adaptive Processing System
LOSLine of Sight
LP DAACLand Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (Sioux Falls, South Dakota)
LPVLand Product Validation
LSBLeast Significant Bit
LSTLand Surface Temperature
LSTELand Surface Temperature and Emissivity
LTALong-Term Archive
LTDRLong-Term Data Record
LTERLong-Term Ecological Research
LUTLook-Up Table
LWSLAADS Web Service

M

MAIACMultiangle Implementation of Atmospheric Correction
MAPSSMODIS Atmosphere Parameters Subset Statistics
MASMODIS Airborne Simulator
MASTERMODIS/ASTER Airborne Simulator
MCSTMODIS Characterization Support Team
MERISMedium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer
MEaSUREsMaking Earth System data records for Use in Research Environments
MODAPSMODIS Adaptive Processing System
MODExtractMODIS Data Pool Extraction Tool
MODISModerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
MODTRANMODerate resolution atmospheric TRANsmission
MPLNETMicro-Pulse Lidar Network
MRTMODIS Reprojection Tool
MRTSwathMODIS Reprojection Tool for Swath
MRTWebMODIS Reprojection Tool for the Web
MTFModulation Transfer Function
MVCMaximum Value Composite
MetOpMeteorological Operational (satellite)

N

NAAPSNRL Aerosol Analysis and Prediction System
NACPNorth American Carbon Program
NASANational Aeronautics and Space Administration
NAVDASNRL Variational Analysis Data Assimilation System
NBARNadir BRDF-Adjusted Reflectance
NCANational Climate Assessment
NCCNear Constant Contrast
NCDCNational Climatic Data Center (Asheville, North Carolina)
NCEPNational Centers for Environmental Prediction
NDSINormalized Difference Snow Index
NDVINormalized Difference Vegetation Index
NEDNational Elevation Dataset
NEMSNOAA Environmental Modeling System
NEONNational Ecological Observatory Network
NESDISNational Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service
netCDFNetwork Common Data Form
NGACNEMS GFS Aerosol Component
NGAPNASA-Compliant General Application Platform
NOGAPSNavy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System
NISENear-real-time Ice and Snow Extent
NOAANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOGAPSNational Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service
NPOESSNational Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System
NPPNational Polar-orbiting Partnership
NPPNet Primary Production
NRLNaval Research Laboratory
NRTNear-Real-Time
NSIDCNational Snow and Ice Data Center (Boulder, Colorado)
NTSGNumerical Terradynamic Simulation Group

O

OADOperational Algorithm Description
OB DAACOcean Biology Distributed Active Archive Center
OBCOn-Board Calibration
OCDPSOcean Color Data Processing System
OGCOpen Geospatial Consortium
OLCIOcean and Land Colour Instrument
OMPSOzone Mapping Profiler Suite
OPeNDAPOpen-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol
ORNLOak Ridge National Lab

P

PEATEProduct Evaluation and Analysis Tool Element
PGEProduct Generation Executive
PODProcessing on-Demand
PSAProduct-Specific Attribute

Q

QAQuality Assurance
QCQuality Control
QFQuality Flag

R

RDRRaw Data Record
RESTRepresentational State Transfer
RIPRetained Intermediate Product
ROSESResearch Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences
RSBReflective Solar Band
RSRRelative Spectral Response
RVSResponse-versus-Scan Angle

S

SAASouth Atlantic Anomaly
SAVISoil-Adjusted Vegetation Index
SBASocietal Benefit Area
SCFScience Computing Facility
SDSolar Diffuser
SDRSensor Data Record
SDSScience Data Set
SDSMSolar Diffuser Stability Monitor
SDSTScience Data Support Team
SICSea Ice Characterization
SINSinusoidal
SIPSScience Investigator-led Processing Systems
SLSTRSea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer
SNOSimultaneous Nadir Overpass
SNPPSuomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership
SNRSignal-to-Noise Ratio
SOAPSimple Object Access Protocol
SPOTSubsettability Checker for HDF-EOS Files
SRCASpectroradiometric Calibration Assembly
SRTMShuttle Radar Topography Mission
SSECSpace Science Engineering Center (Univ. of Wisconsin)
SWIRShortwave Infrared
SeaWiFSSea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor

T

TEBThermal Emissive Band
TIRThermal-Infrared
TIROSTelevision Infrared Observation Satellite
TOATop-of-the-Atmosphere
TOCTop-of-the-Canopy
TOVSTIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
TRMMTropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

U

UKMOUnited Kingdom Meteorological Office
URIUniform Resource Identifier
URLUniform Resource Locator
URSUser Registration System
USGCRPU.S. Global Change Research Program
USGSUnited States Geological Survey
UTCCoordinated Universal Time
UWGUser Working Group

V

VCVicarious Calibration
VCFVegetation Continuous Fields
VCMVIIRS Cloud Mask
VCSTVIIRS Characterization Support Team
VIVegetation Index
VIIRSVisible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite
VNIRVisible and Near-Infrared

W

WCSWeb Coverage Service
WGCVWorking Group on Calibration and Validation
WGSWorld Geodetic System
WMTSWeb Map Tile Service
WOSWeb Object Storage

Last updated: May 30, 2018